There are a number of useful tips for raising a child at the age of one year, the most important of which are the following:
- Giving the child things to put in and out of boxes to develop hand-eye coordination skills.
- Ask the child simple questions and respond to them when they are trying to talk.
- Constantly talking to the child, especially about different facts such as nature and the environment.
- Observing the things that the child does and talking about them with him, such as seeing the child filling a box and saying: You fill the box, this practice makes the child happy and pushes him to inform his parents of what he knows about things, as it earns him self-respect.
- Constant playing with the child and turning simple questions into games, such as asking the child: Where is your toe? Or where is the sparrow?
Child growth at one year of age
The stages of a child’s development during the age of one year can be summarized as follows: 
- 3-0 months:
- Begins to smile and visually track objects.
- He starts playing and discovering his hands and feet.
- He cries over everything, but calms down and comforts when he is carried and comforted.
- He can raise his head when he is lying on his stomach.
- He starts making some sounds.
- 4-6 months:
- He imitates the sounds he hears.
- He can sit on the sofa or chair when propped up.
- He starts rolling and jumping.
- He can perceive and touch things with his hands, and likes to put them in his mouth.
- 7-12 months:
- Responds to children’s songs.
- He plays a number of games such as hide and seek, knows his name, and repeats the words that are repeated in front of him.
- He can sit on his own.
- Be able to stand alone and take few, hesitant steps.
- Its weight nearly triples from birth to a year old, and it grows in the twelfth month by 50%, or approximately 23-28 cm, and the size of the brain is about 60%.
- He eats with his hands, tries to get dressed, and turns the pages of books.
- either becomes a skilful crawler, or steps on furniture, or walks well without support or support; The child can be encouraged to walk by allowing him to move inside the house without assistance, not to carry him, and to arrange the furniture in a way that facilitates the process of grasping and moving from one place to another.
- He can hold small objects such as holding a raisin between his index finger and thumb, and can use some tools correctly, such as a spoon and a hairbrush.
1 year old baby sleep pattern
A child’s sleep patterns change during the age of one year, but still needs an average of 11 hours and 15 minutes of continuous sleep at night, but when he reaches 15-18 months, the child begins to give up his morning nap and takes only one nap in the middle of the day for approximately 2 hours and 15 minutes. This period can be a bit difficult, because one nap may not be enough, and two naps will be too much, and the result is a tired child who is unable to sleep well at night.
It can be known if the child is ready to change his sleep pattern when he sleeps 10-11 hours at night, and spends more time without sleep during the day . 45 minutes, When a child reaches one year of age, he should sleep less during the day and more at night.
Night terrors occur in up to 5% of children and are usually discovered at the age of 15 months as it can be a frightening experience for parents and children where the child screams and appears anxious and afraid, and may not recognize his parents, and night terrors can be dealt with by following the following: [ 4]
- Monitor the child without interfering with him.
- Ensure that the child is physically safe during the event.
- Make the child sleep early, even if it is only 30 minutes before his usual bedtime.
- Keep a sleep log to identify the child’s sleep pattern and panic attacks.
- Awakening the child 15 minutes before the time he suffers from the seizure, but he should not be made to rise and wake up completely, but rather he must be lightly awake, i.e. to the stage of mumbling and rolling over in bed.
- Repeat the above for 7 or 10 consecutive nights.
Parents discuss with the doctor during medical appointments to check on the health of the child at the age of one year about many matters, and during this visit the doctor conducts several examinations as follows: 
- Weigh and measure the child to ensure growth is at a normal rate.
- He talks about vaccinations such as chickenpox, Haemophilus influenzae, pneumococcus, the third dose of the polio vaccine, the measles, mumps, rubella, and hepatitis vaccines.
- He inquires about how long the child sleeps at night and how long he naps during the day.
- Inquire about the types of solid foods the child eats.
- It inquires about the child’s eye contact and his response to things around him.
- Performs vision and hearing examinations.
- Asks if the child imitates certain sounds or says simple words.
- Make an appointment to see the dentist. The American Academy of Dentistry and other health societies recommend a visit to the dentist at one year of age.
At the age of one year, the process of weaning the child can be started; i.e. switching from breast milk or formula to cow’s milk, but it is necessary to use whole milk; This is because the child needs additional fats for the health and development of his mind, as he should not switch to fat-free or low-fat milk until after the second year or on the recommendation of the pediatrician. 
Promote the development of the child’s brain at the age of one year
Some activities and games help build the child’s language, senses, and cognition, and among these activities are the following:
- 3-0 months:
- Constantly naming things, such as: Look, there are two cats, this is a refrigerator. This will help the child get used to the rhythm of sound and the association between words and things.
- Singing to the baby while changing clothes and rocking the baby to sleep; This enhances eye contact.
- 3-6 months:
- Lift the child up a little, then up, and so on, then lower him down and kiss him.
- Putting toys out of the child’s reach and encouraging him to get a toy, this helps the child to coordinate his use of his hands and eyes and motivates him to move.
- 6- 9 months:
- Play the game of hide and seek, as this game helps him understand that things that cannot be seen are still there.
- Put pillows on the floor and encourage the child to go up and down and urge him to move.
- Imitating what the child does because it has a strong influence on building his personality.
- 9-12 months:
- Playing with water, adding plastic cups with the child’s water toys, experimenting with pouring and spraying water and creating waves.
- Repeating the sounds that a child at this age makes on hearing, even if they are not understood, can help the child to speak.
- Make reading books a part of the child’s routine because of their impact on building the child’s language, increasing his vocabulary and developing his abilities and senses.
Child safety at one year old
The movement of the child increases at the age of one year, so he must be closely monitored. Here are some tips to maintain his safety:
- Do not leave the child near water, such as swimming pools.
- Put a fence at stairs and close doors in dangerous places.
- Close all electrical outlets.
- Keep kitchen appliances, irons, and heaters out of children’s reach.
- Keep sharp tools in a safe place.
- Keep medicines and detergents out of children’s reach.
- Do not leave the child in the vehicle alone.
Fear of losing parents
Fear of parting with parents between 8-14 months of age is considered normal. According to Dr. Jessica Young, a research scientist at the Center for Education Development in Newton, the timing and intensity of the fear of separation can vary from one child to another. Worry about the mother leaving is normal and help during separation periods can be sought from a special care center for children and follow a routine Farewell while maintaining the child’s distance from his parents not to increase so as not to increase the child’s anxiety.
Parents should not try to get away from the child and leave while he is busy playing or doing an activity without saying goodbye, as the doctor explains that this can make the child feel sudden anxiety and fear if he does not say goodbye to his parents, so saying goodbye to the child is the most appropriate even if it makes the child cry, that remains For a while then soon it will stop.
The effect of lack of care on a child’s development
The child needs care, care and support from their parents, especially during the first five years of their life, but when the child does not receive the necessary care, psychological problems begin to appear and develop in the future, as studies have shown that children who have been neglected in their early years are accompanied by deep problems and affect their development Their emotional and social skills , as well as the possibility of having behavioral problems, low self-esteem, depression, mental problems, and addiction.
What are the child’s developmental milestones?
Certain skills such as a child’s first step, first smile, and waving are called developmental milestones , which are things that a child is able to do at a certain age and develop over time developmental milestones for playing, learning, speaking, behavior, and moving, such as crawling, or Walking, or jumping, as a one-year-old child turns from a newborn unable to do anything into an independent toddler.
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